The Scimitar Oryx is a species of oryx which formerly inhabited the whole of North Africa. They are just over three feet at the shoulder and weigh up to 440 pounds. Its coat is white with a red-brown chest and black markings on the forehead and down the length of the nose. The horns are long, thin and parallel and curve backwards like a scimitar. The horns can reach over three feet in length in both sexes.
The Scimiar Oryx natively inhabits desert areas where they eat leaves, grass and fruit. They form herds of mixed sex containing up to seventy animals. They used to gather in groups of several thousand to migrate and they can survive without water for many weeks because their kidneys prevent loss of water from urination and they can modify their body temperature to avoid perspiration.