Elk is one of the largest species of deer in the world and one of the largest mammals in North America and eastern Asia. In the deer family, only the moose is larger. Mature bulls range in weight from 800 to 1,000 lbs. Elk range in forest and forest-edge habitat, feeding on grasses, plants, leaves and bark.

Male elk have large antlers which are shed each year and they engage in ritualized mating behaviors during the “rut”, or mating season, which include posturing, antler wrestling (sparring), and bugling – a loud series of screams which establishes dominance over other males and attracts females. The elk’s bugle call is one of the most distinctive calls in nature.