Also known as the Barbary Sheep, Ammotragus lervia is a species of goat-antelope native to rocky mountains in North Africa.

Aoudad stand roughly 2′ tall at the shoulder and weigh up to 300 lbs. They are sandy-brown in color, darkening with age, with a slightly lighter underbelly and a darker line along the back. The shaggy hair on the throat extends down to the chest in males and their horns have a triangular cross section. The horns curve outwards, backwards, then inwards and reach up to 35 inches in length.

Aoudad are found in arid mountainous areas where they graze and browse grass, bushes and lichens. They are able to obtain all their moisture from food, but if liquid water is available they drink it and wallow in it. Barbary Sheep are crepuscular: active in the early morning and late afternoon and resting in the heat of the day. They are very agile and can achieve a standing jump of over 2 metres (7 ft). Barbary Sheep are usually solitary, and freeze in the presence of danger. Their main predators in North Africa are leopard and caracal.